The taiga drama "13 people in Kamakura" begins! What is the deep relationship with Kamakura sculpture?

Finally1Moon9From the day, the Taiga drama "13 people in Kamakura -dono", which depicts the establishment of the Kamakura Shogunate, centered on Yoritomo Gen Yoritomo and Hojo, has been broadcast.




It seems that Kamakura will be the stage of the drama in earnest around March.3Moon1On the day, the taiga drama hall will open at the Kamakura Bunkeikan Tsuruoka Museum in the grounds of Tsuruoka Hachimangu Shrine.


Thinking about the formation of Kamakura sculpture


By the way, I would like to talk about the origin of Kamakura sculpture here.


In 1180, Yoritomo Gen Yoritomo as a base in Kamakura, and Kamakura develops into a central city in Japan. Along with this, there are many shrines and temples in Kamakura.


The characters in the drama have also built a temple and shrines, and the most typical is Tsuruoka Hachimangu Shrine by Yoritomo Gen Yoritomo.



The following temples are also famous. It may appear in the drama in the future.


・ Eifukuji (Yukuji)

Gen Yoritomo was built to require tens of thousands of war dead, including Yoshitsune Gen Yoshitsune and Yasushi Fujiwara in the Oshu battle. Unfortunately, it does not exist, but it has been maintained as a site.


・ Jufukuji (Jufukuji)

The place where the father of Gen Yoritomo, Yoshicho's mansion. After Yoritomo's death, his wife, Masako Hojo, was built with Eisai, the founder of the Rinzai sect. Masako's memorial tower is also in this temple. 3rd place in Kamakura Gotoyama.


・ Okura Yakushido

The time of Hojo was built to enshrine a statue of Yakushi Nyorai due to his dream. Currently, it has been changed to a temple called Hakuenji.


And in this era, the Buddha statue sculptors, including Unkei, sculpted the statues of many temples and shrines. The sculpture technology, which can be said to be the roots of Kamakura sculptures, developed around this time.




Zen sect and Kamakura sculpture


In the mid -1200s, in addition to existing Buddhism, the teachings of the existing Buddhism, the religion of the Jodo sect, the Zen sect, such as the Jodo sect, the Zen sect, such as the Rinzai sect, and the Nichiren sutras, which are the first, and many temples related to it. Was built in Kamakura.


In particular, the Rinzai sect has been greatly protected from Hojo Ichimon, a politician at the time, and among the temples called Kamakura Gozan of the Rinzai sect, such as the famous Kenchoji and Enkakuji, the Hojo clan is established except Jomyoji. I am.

From the Southern Song, which was in China at that time, a high monk, such as Rankei Michitaka and the inferior ancestor, brought a culture of Zen sect to Kamakura in response to the invitation of Tokiyori Hojo and Tokimune.


The main ones in the Zen sect culture that had a great influence in the Kamakura period were the architectural style of the temple, Chinese poetry literature, and ink paintings, and the origin of the culture of tea ceremony was said to be around this time.


Lacquerware with a sculpture called Shirumu was also provided as a temple furnishings. It is the origin of Kamakura sculptures that made the most of the Buddha statue sculpture technology at the time.


In other words, it is no exaggeration to say that Kamakura sculpture was born from the Buddha statue sculpture technology, which was built by Yoritomo Gen and his family, and the Southern Song culture brought by Hojo Ichimon.


Deep edge with Kamakura Enzan Suikado!


One of the books I referred to in writing a blog this time is a book named Tokiichi Koike (deceased), a book named Yoritomo I loved.

In fact, Mr. Koike was also the predecessor of the building where the Sansui -do is located.



In this book, Koike says, "Kamakura is Yoritomo first," and "Yoritomo is a great benefactor of Kamakura."


It was the Gen Yoritomo and the Hojo clan that created the era when Kamakura sculptures were born, so in terms of Koike's words, the great people of these history can be said to be the great benefits of Kamakura sculpture.


By the way, the location of this Sanshodo is the place where the younger brother at the time of Hojo Yoshiho was the assistant of the authority, the assistant of the authority, and the mansion in Hojo Tokuso.



It was a Hojo clan with a deep relationship at the head office of Sanshudo as well as Kamakura sculpture.



When it gets warmer in spring, it is recommended that you stroll through the traces of history while thinking in the Kamakura period.♪


Touch the Kamakura sculpture born from the group drama of the Kamakura era, and feel the culture that has been inherited from that time by all means!


And if you can't come to Kamakura, please visit Kamakura sculptures through our website!


Hojo's three scales "8 -inch round tray scales"

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